Civil law and criminal law are two distinct areas of law that deal with different types of legal issues. Civil law is concerned with disputes between individuals or organizations, such as contract disputes or personal injury claims. Criminal law, on the other hand, deals with actions that are considered harmful to society as a whole and are prohibited by criminal statutes. Criminal law is concerned with punishing those who break the law and protecting society from criminal behavior. In a civil case, the goal is typically to compensate the victim and make them whole, while in a criminal case, the goal is to punish the offender and deter future criminal behavior.